I’m guessing that somewhere in the first month of school, there will be a lesson plan crisis. Maybe you have been trying to write college style lesson plans. There is absolutely no time for those those long, long, lesson plans you wrote in college. The purpose of those was to get you into the habit of thinking a lesson through. If you have already planned at least one unit by now, you can quickly get on the wagon to preparing a lesson plan. If you teach in the primary grades, it is somewhat easier because you are not studying difficult material. You already know how to multiply and divide, you have no trouble understanding parts of speech, or you can easily discuss the three phases of matter. In cases where the material is fairly easy, you can cut right to the chase and work on lesson design for maximum learning.
If, however, you are teaching upper elementary or high school and you must help students learn about photosynthesis, you will need more time. Not that you weren’t fully prepared in college to teach those upper grade levels! But as a veteran teacher, I study my biology notes every year and even do some further research online to stay on top of the material. You absolutely have to be prepared, or the older students will see your uncertainty with the material. You don’t even want to go there. BE PREPARED!
Each lesson should contain the following elements:
1. A definite beginning with a “hook”
2. The subject matter which can be presented in a variety of ways
3. A closure
4. A formal or informal assessment
Now, you’re probably thinking…do I have to write all that in my plan book? No, but you need to have written notes in front of you. Do not rely on your memory in the early days of teaching. Do not rely on your memory in your later days of teaching. My memory fails me. The bell rings and the students leave without their homework, or the handout, or I forgot to tell the class about the quiz tomorrow, etc.
I have seen many good student teachers start out with a good lesson that crumbles at the end of the class period because there is no closure. Administrators/evaluators will look for several important things in your lesson: a good introduction, good engagement on the part of the students, and a good summation of the day’s events. Organize your time. Don’t enter the classroom without a clue as to how your going to start and what you need to do. In your early days of teaching you are setting a tone in the classroom. Set the tone that you have a plan, something will be accomplished, and there will be an end result. Students find security in the fact that the teacher is in charge and knows what he/she is doing. Show students that your classroom is a safe learning environment where the teacher is confident and in control of the day’s events.
For each lesson–and I know this will overwhelm you at first–but you will begin to roll with it–jot down your
Your objectives/targets should already have been in your unit plan that was previously written out.
Here is a sample lesson plan that I created for a high school biology class. I turned this in to an administrator who was evaluating me. Your can be hand written.